Abiding Courage: African American Migrant Women and the East by Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo

By Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo

among 1940 and 1945, hundreds of thousands of African americans migrated from the South to the East Bay quarter of northern California looking for the social and financial mobility that used to be linked to the region's increasing security and its popularity for better racial tolerance. Drawing on fifty oral interviews with migrants in addition to on archival and different written documents, Abiding Courage examines the reviews of the African American girls who migrated west and equipped groups there. Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo vividly indicates how ladies made the transition from southern household and box paintings to jobs in an commercial, wartime economic system. while, they have been suffering to maintain their households jointly, constructing new families, and developing community-sustaining networks and associations. whereas white girls shouldered the double burden of salary hard work and housekeeping, black girls confronted even larger demanding situations: discovering homes and faculties, finding church buildings and clinical providers, and contending with racism. by way of targeting girls, Lemke-Santangelo presents new views on the place and the way social swap occurs and the way neighborhood is tested and maintained.

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